Placing his hands on the sculptures he made 25 years ago, Ed Dwight told stories of what inspired his art to visitors at the Our Mother of Africa Chapel. 

Dwight, along with other artists and community members, was honored at the chapel during its 25th anniversary at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C., on Sept. 17.

The National Black Catholic Congress (NBCC) hosted the pilgrimage celebration. The NBCC is an organization that represents about 3 million African American Catholics within the United States to address spiritual needs within the Church. The chapel was a gift on behalf of the NBCC to the National Shrine. It remembers the history of slavery in the United States and provides a sense of hope.

The National Shrine’s Our Mother of Africa Chapel, which was dedicated 25 years ago in 1997, is located to the left of the Crypt Church there. (Photo by Patrick Ryan for the National Black Catholic Congress)

Dwight shared his method of using bronze and molding faces when sculpting. The artist also talked about how his work was influenced by his Catholic faith and his mother, who made sure he went to church and Catholic school while he grew up in Kansas City. 

Using church imagery and the people he grew up with made it easy to create sculptures for the chapel, he said.  

“It was a totally natural setting for me, and it’s one of the few sculptures I’ve ever done where it was more natural to do,” said Dwight. He has completed about 130 public art and large-scale memorial installations, and more than 18,000 gallery sculptures.

Ed Dwight and his wife, Barbara, stand in front of his sculpture of the Blessed Mother and Christ Child in the Our Mother of Africa Chapel at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C. During a Sept. 17 pilgrimage and Mass sponsored by the National Black Catholic Congress, Dwight was honored for his artwork at the 25th anniversary of the chapel. (Photo by Patrick Ryan for the National Black Catholic Congress)

The anniversary celebration of the chapel included a tour, lunch and Mass celebrated by Washington Auxiliary Bishop Roy Campbell Jr., the president of the National Black Catholic Congress. In addition to visiting priests, concelebrants included Archbishop Christophe Pierre, apostolic nuncio to the United States and Bishop John H. Ricard, SSJ, the bishop emeritus of the Diocese of Pensacola-Tallahassee, who was president of the NBCC when the chapel was built.

The Our Mother of Africa Chapel is “a very sacred, holy place,” Bishop Ricard said in his homily. “Inside that sacred space...there is a silent conversation, a sacred conversation going on” between the visitor and the artwork, he said. 

Pilgrims from across the country attended the celebration—the first of planned events ahead of the NBCC’s Congress XIII, July 20-23, 2023 in National Harbor, Maryland. 

In the photos above and below, pilgrims participate in a Sept. 17, 2022 Mass at the National Shrine marking the 25th anniversary of the Our Mother of Africa Chapel. (Photo by Patrick Ryan for the National Black Catholic Congress)

Father Desmond Drummer, pastor of Most Blessed Sacrament Church in Atlanta and Nathalie Borgella, a member of the Haitian Chaplaincy of Atlanta at Sts. Peter and Paul Church in Decatur, Georgia, traveled to the nation’s capital for the celebration. 

How Dwight allowed his life experience to influence his work was impactful for Borgella. 

“It speaks to the importance of understanding our history, not only as Black Catholics, but just as individuals in general,” she said. 

A ‘spiritual home’ 

The Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception is the largest Catholic Church in North America and one of the 10 largest in the world.  

It is designated a national sanctuary of prayer and pilgrimage by the U.S. Catholic bishops and is home to more than 80 chapels that honor the Mother of God and represent the people, cultures and traditions of the Catholic faith.   

Learning the backstory of the Our Mother of Africa Chapel showed how the African American story is present at the basilica—the “spiritual home for the Church in the United States,” said Father Drummer. “This Catholic community in the United States is a global Catholic community. There is not one story—there are many stories. And these stories include encounters with the Lord.” 

The chapel includes a bronze sculpture of the Blessed Mother holding the Christ Child. Sculpted by Dwight, the two were given African American physical features. 

“I wasn’t the master or in control of the image,” said Dwight about creating the piece. 

“All that drapery and the way that she looked with her hands; everything about her, it just all spewed out. And I couldn’t stop it from being what it is today.” 

The Our Mother of Africa Chapel at the National Shrine includes artist Ed Dwight’s bronze sculpture of the Blessed Mother holding the Christ Child, with both figures having African American features. (Photo by Patrick Ryan for the National Black Catholic Congress)

Dwight’s second artwork, “Sculpture in Relief,” depicts the African American story from slavery to present day. He describes it as his version of the civil rights movement. 

The artist said what he learned about the civil rights movement and life experience flowed into the sculpture. 

A bas relief sculpture on the wall of the Our Mother of Africa Chapel at the National Shrine depicts the African-American experience from slavery to emancipation and the civil rights movement, with the figures guided by the Holy Spirit above in the form of a dove and marching toward Jesus on the cross as a symbol of ultimate freedom. (Photo by Patrick Ryan for the National Black Catholic Congress)

The crucifix in the Our Mother of Africa Chapel was created through the collaboration of Tanzanian sculptor Juvenal Kaliki, who carved the figure of Christ, and New York sculptor Jeffrey Brosk, who designed the cross. Marble sculptures of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John were carved by Giancarlo Biagi and Jill Burkee. Iron gates along the altar are by Jean Wiart. The gates portray the acacia tree, an icon for Black Catholics in the United States. 

The figure of Christ with African features on the crucifix in the Our Mother of Africa Chapel was created by Tanzanian sculptor Juvenal Kaliki, and the cross was designed by New York sculptor Jeffrey Brosk. (Photo by Patrick Ryan for the National Black Catholic Congress)

Inspiring the younger generation  

Father Robert Boxie III, the Catholic chaplain of Howard University in Washington, D.C., brought a group of students to the basilica for the anniversary celebration. 

I wanted to “expose our students to this part of the church – how they can be there, how they can be celebrated in the Church,” said Father Boxie. “This is part of our heritage tradition.” 

“Just seeing so many Black Catholics in one place is a big deal,” said Ali Mumbach, a graduate student at Howard University and native of Houston.  

Mumbach was moved by the visit to take on more outreach to younger generations of Catholics. 

Father Boxie hopes students will know “the gifts that they bring in their presence will be acknowledged and celebrated” by the Church. 

Father Robert Boxie III, center right, the Catholic chaplain of Howard University in Washington, D.C., is pictured with students at the crypt level of the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C. The group attended the 25th anniversary pilgrimage for the Our Mother of the Africa Chapel at the basilica, which included lunch and a tour. (Photo by Samantha Smith/The Georgia Bulletin)

The NBCC held its first congress in 1889. With the exception of the coronavirus pandemic, it has had a congress every five years since 1987 to prepare a pastoral plan to address the needs of Black Catholics. The theme for the 2023 congress is, “Write the Vision: A Prophetic Call to Thrive.” 

In preparation for next year’s congress, Father Drummer was inspired by the celebration of African Catholics at the basilica.

“It is important for us to expand what we mean when we say Black Catholic,” said Father Drummer. “Black Catholic life in the United States is a global reality that has a number of stories in it, and our understanding of what it means to be a Black Catholic moving forward must include a Pan-African vision.”

Choir members sing at a Sept. 17, 2022 Mass at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception celebrating the 25th anniversary of the Our Mother of Africa Chapel there, which was blessed and dedicated in August 1997. (Photo by Patrick Ryan for the National Black Catholic Congress)

Congress XIII will be a validation of the voices and cultures, said Borgella. 

Having congress events near the National Shrine, with chapels dedicated to different nations and regions, “shows that Black Catholics are still very much a part of the Catholic story,” she said. 

Washington Auxiliary Bishop Roy Campbell Jr., left, the president of the National Black Catholic Congress, processes from the altar after serving as the main celebrant at a Sept. 17, 2022 Mass at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception marking the 25th anniversary of the Our Mother of Africa Chapel. (Photo by Patrick Ryan for the National Black Catholic Congress)

MORE INFO 

  • The National Black Catholic Congress will host Congress XIII July 20-23, 2023 at the Gaylord National Resort & Convention Center in National Harbor, Maryland. 
  • To learn more about the congress, visit nbccongress.org

 

(Samantha Smith is a staff writer for The Georgia Bulletin, the official newspaper of the Archdiocese of Atlanta, which shared this article.)