1634 – English colonists land in Maryland at St. Clement’s Island, and Jesuit Father Andrew White celebrates the first Catholic Mass in the English-speaking colonies.
1731 – St. Francis Xavier Church built in Newtowne, Md., and it stands today as the oldest Catholic church in continuous use from the original 13 colonies.
1789 – Bishop John Carroll is elected as the first Catholic bishop of the new United States, heading the Diocese of Baltimore, which encompasses all 13 original states.
1789 – Bishop Carroll founds Georgetown College (later University) in Washington, the nation’s first Catholic institution of higher learning.
1794 – St. Patrick Parish established in Washington, the first Catholic parish in the new federal city.
1858 – St. Augustine Parish, the mother church for African-American Catholics in the nation’s capital, is founded by free men and women of color, including former slaves.
1860 – St. Ann’s Infant Asylum is established by the Daughters of Charity.
1861 – At the invitation of President Abraham Lincoln, the Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul found Providence Hospital in Washington, D.C.
1887 – The Catholic University of America, the national university of the Catholic Church in the United States, is founded in Washington.
1897 – Trinity College founded in Washington by the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur, becoming one of the nation’s first Catholic liberal arts colleges for women.
1922 – Catholic Charities of Washington is formed as a collaboration between the St. Vincent de Paul Society and a group of Catholic laymen.
1939 – Pope Pius XII establishes the Archdiocese of Washington, which is led by Archbishop Michael J. Curley and includes only the city of Washington.
1947 – The Archdiocese of Washington expands to include St. Mary’s, Charles, Calvert, Prince George’s and Montgomery counties in Maryland.
1948 – New Washington Archbishop Patrick O’Boyle begins working to integrate all the Catholic schools and parishes in the Archdiocese of Washington.
1951 – Archbishop Carroll High School opens for young men, becoming one of the first integrated schools in the nation’s capital.
1959 – The National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception – the largest Catholic church in North America – is dedicated in Washington.
1963 – Archbishop O’Boyle offers the invocation at the March on Washington, where Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. gives his famous “I Have a Dream” speech.
1963 – The nation mourns after the assassination of John F. Kennedy, the United States’ first Catholic president. His Requiem Mass is held at the Cathedral of St. Matthew.
1963 – The Sisters of the Holy Cross found Holy Cross Hospital in Silver Spring, which will become one of Maryland’s largest hospitals.
1973 – Cardinal O’Boyle retires, and he is succeeded as archbishop of Washington by Archbishop William Baum.
1979 – During a pastoral visit to Washington, Pope John Paul II celebrates a Mass for an estimated 175,000 people on the National Mall.
1980 – Cardinal Baum is named to lead the Vatican’s Congregation for Catholic Education, and Cleveland Bishop James Hickey is named the archbishop of Washington.
1986 – The Archdiocese of Washington adopts its Child Protection Policy, one of the first in the nation.
1986 – Archbishop Hickey dedicates the Gift of Peace convent in Washington, where Mother Teresa’s Missionaries of Charity sisters care for people with AIDS.
1997 – Cardinal James Hickey establishes the Center City Consortium of Catholic schools, as part of a broader “Faith in the City” program.
2000 – To mark the Great Jubilee Year, more than 20,000 local Catholics attend Eucharistic Congress 2000 at the MCI Center in Washington.
2001 – Archbishop Theodore McCarrick is installed in January as the new archbishop of Washington, succeeding Cardinal Hickey.
2001 – Cardinal McCarrick names Jane Belford as the Archdiocese of Washington’s first lay chancellor and the first woman to hold that post.
2006 – Pope Benedict XVI appoints Bishop Donald Wuerl of Pittsburgh as the new archbishop of Washington, succeeding Cardinal McCarrick.
2007 – Archbishop Wuerl convenes a Convocation on Education, beginning a widespread consultative process to strengthen and sustain Catholic schools for the future.
2008 – Pope Benedict XVI’s pastoral visit to Washington includes a Papal Mass for more than 50,000 people at the new Nationals Park.
2014 – To mark the Archdiocese of Washington’s 75th anniversary, Cardinal Wuerl convokes the first Archdiocesan Synod, which charts a course for future outreach in the key areas of worship, education, community, service, stewardship and administration.
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